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ATHENS HISTORY 594 bc

The 594 b.c. opposing fields of the riches and the population commonly elected Solona (639-559 b.c ) to rule. Supporting him with increased powers, they assigned to him the task to correct the faults with reforms of regime and laws that he himself would consider to be necessary. The reforming actions that Solona imported were: Sesaxthia (decreased the municipality debts, release of those who had devolved to slavery because of debts, improvement of lending terms and suppression of the right of mortgaging against debts) Value driven regime The import of lighter and more functional laws The increase of value of currency The attendance of Thiton (non holders of wealth or some form of income) in the Municipality Church (which was elected in a sovereign legislative body) and in popular courts The support of the Supreme Court and The foundation of the 400 member Parliament. In compensation of folklore laws, the legislation of Solona excluded the Thites (poor citizens) from the undertaking of high constitutional ranks and shared this places in the Pentakosiomedimnous (citizens who’s their land attributed annual income of five hundred medimna, that is to say current 25.500 litres and usufruct of value talantou), in the horsemen and in zugites (those that in battles replaced killed soldiers). Functioning balancely, the Athenian legislation established the right of appeal of decisions of sovereigns from the Ilaia (the multiple court of ancient Athens tat was constituted by five thousand members and one thousand surrogates and was divided in ten departments). The laws of Solona were engraved in the sides of Pyramide-like stones, which were named Kirveis, they were placed in the "Kingdom Gallery" and their force was determined for a hundred years.

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