The post war years were characterized by the personality of two important political personalities, Konstantinos Karamanli' (1907-1998) and Andrea Papandreoy (1919-1996). Former Prime Minister, Mr Karamanlis returned to Greece on 24 July 1974 supplementing twelve years of absence in Paris. Chairman of party of the New Democracy, Mr Karamanlis undertook the governing of the country after the fall of the dictatorship of colonels and led Greece to be linked Europe when the country in 1980 became a complete member of European Community.
At the same time with the imperative regularisation and the re-establishment of democratic institutions the first post war years gave emphasis to the modernisation of social life, in the cultural evolution and in the defensive armouring of the country, which came back in intensive rythms of economic growth. In October 1981 Greece acquires her first Socialist government, when the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) with Prime Minister the founder of party Andrea Papandreou is elected in power. With sign < < change "as well as < < Greece belongs to the Greeks" A. Papandreou followed a policy of growth and modernisation with emphasis on the national sovereignty and the re-establishment of socio-political division.